Paralysis is loss of muscle movement in the body. Muscle weakness leads to paralysis, loss of coordination as well as loss of the ability to move the body part.
Paresis: Paresis is a condition in which there is a weakness of voluntary movement, or partial loss of voluntary movement or by impaired movement.
TYPES OF PARALYSIS:
- Monoplegia: – only one limb is affected.
- Diplegia: – affecting the same body region on both side of the body.eg- both arms or both legs.
- Hemiplegia : – one side of the body is affected.
- Paraplegia: – both legs and back is affected.
- Quadriplegia: – all four limbs and back are affected.
- Tetraplegia: – all four limbs and back are affected. Respiratory system is also involved.
- Traumatic brain injury/spinal cord injury.
- Metabolic disorders
- Multiple sclerosis
- Cerebral palsy
- Atherosclerosis (DVT)
- Person cannot able to feel touch in the affected part of the body.
- Person cannot able to feel pain in the affected part of the body.
- Numbness to weather is common. Person cannot feel heat or cold.
- There could be a tingling sensation on the unaffected part of the body
- Muscle weakness on the affected part of the body.
- Loss of movement and coordination.
- There is generally an impairment of vision.
- Person becomes incontinent
GOALS OF PHYSIOTHERAPY :
- To maintain and improve mobility
- Quality of life
- Rehabilitate to ADL