Sprain and Strains
Sprain:-Sprain is a stretching or tearing of ligaments. The Ligaments are tough bands of fibrous tissue that connect two bones together in joints.The most common location for a sprain is in ankle.
- Limitation in the ability to move the affected joint.
- Hear or feel a “pop” in affected joint
It occurs with the overextending or tearing of ligament. It occurs in the following circumstances:
- Ankle — Walking or Exercising on an Uneven surface
- Knee — Pivoting during an athletic activity
- Wrist — Landing on an outstretched hand during a fall
- Thumb — Skiing injury or overextension when playing sports, such as tennis
There are 3 grades of Sprain
- Grade 1 sprains stretch fibers of the ligament.
- Grade 2 sprains are injuries where part of the ligament is torn.
- Grade 3 sprains are when the ligament is completely torn or ruptured.
Strain:is a stretching or tearing of muscle or tendon.Tendon is a fibrous cord of tissue that connect muscles to bones. Strains often occur in the lower back and in the hamstring muscle in the back of your thigh.
- Muscle spasms
- Limited ability to move the affected muscle
- Slipping on ice
- Running, jumping or throwing
- Lifting a heavy object or lifting in an awkward position
There are 3 grades of strain
Grade 1-: strains usually cause stretching of a few of the muscle fibers.
Grade 2-: injury is more significant damage.
Grade 3-: injury is a complete rupture of the muscle.
GOALS OF PHYSIOTHERAPY
- Improves pain through advanced modalities
- Reduces inflammation
- Reduces spasm
- Reduces tightness
- Increases strength resisted band exercises
- Alignment correction through manual therapy
- Taping technique
- Laser therapy for instant pain relief