Sprain and Strains

Sprain:-Sprain is a stretching or tearing of ligaments. The Ligaments are tough bands of fibrous tissue that connect two bones together in joints.The most common location for a sprain is in ankle.

sprain

Symptoms:-

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Bruising
  • Limitation in the ability to move the affected joint.
  • Hear or feel a “pop” in affected joint

Causes:-

It occurs with the overextending or tearing of ligament. It occurs in the following circumstances:

  • Ankle — Walking or Exercising on an Uneven surface
  • Knee — Pivoting during an athletic activity
  • Wrist — Landing on an outstretched hand during a fall
  • Thumb — Skiing injury or overextension when playing sports, such as tennis

There are 3 grades of Sprain

ankle-sprain

  • Grade 1 sprains stretch fibers of the ligament.
  • Grade 2 sprains are injuries where part of the ligament is torn.
  • Grade 3 sprains are when the ligament is completely torn or ruptured.

Strain:is a stretching or tearing of muscle or tendon.Tendon is a fibrous cord of tissue that connect muscles to bones. Strains often occur in the lower back and in the hamstring muscle in the back of your thigh.

hamstring

Symptoms:-

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Muscle spasms
  • Limited ability to move the affected muscle

Causes

  • Slipping on ice
  • Running, jumping or throwing
  • Lifting a heavy object or lifting in an awkward position

There are 3 grades of strain

Grade 1-: strains usually cause stretching of a few of the muscle fibers.

Grade 2-: injury is more significant damage.

Grade 3-: injury is a complete rupture of the muscle.

GOALS OF PHYSIOTHERAPY

  • Improves pain through advanced modalities
  • Reduces inflammation
  • Reduces spasm
  • Reduces tightness
  • Increases strength resisted band exercises
  • Alignment correction through manual therapy
  • Taping technique
  • Laser therapy for instant pain relief