Hip / Shoulder Dislocations

Shoulder Dislocations

A dislocation of shoulder is an injury in which the upper arm bone pops out of the cup-shaped socket of the shoulder blade. A dislocated shoulder is a more extensive injury than a separated shoulder, which involves damage to ligaments of the joint where the top of the shoulder blade meets the end of the collarbone. Shoulder can dislocate completely or partially

Shoulder-Dislocations

Three types of shoulder dislocation-

There are three types of shoulder dislocation:

  • Forward dislocation (anterior)
  • Backward dislocation (posterior)
  • Downward dislocation ( inferior)

types-of-shoulder-dislocation

Causes :

The shoulder joint is the most frequently dislocated joint of the body. Fibrous tissue that joins the bones of the shoulder (ligaments) can be stretched or torn, often complicating the dislocation.

Symptoms :

  • A visibly deformed or out of place shoulder
  • Swelling or discoloration (bruising)
  • Intense pain around shoulder and neck
  • Muscle spasm
  • Inability to move the joint
  • Numbness
  • Weakness or tingling in neck or in the arm.

GOALS OF PHYSIOTHERAPY :

  • Improves pain through advanced modalities
  • Reduces spasm.
  • Reduces inflammation.
  • Reduces tightness.
  • Increases strength : resisted band exercises
  • Alignment correction through manual therapy.

Hip Dislocations

An injury in which the hip bone is displaced from its normal position. In a hip dislocation, the head of the thighbone (femur) is forced out of its socket (acetabulum) in the pelvis.

Hip-Dislocations

There are two types of Hip dislocation:

  • Anterior dislocation
  • Posterior dislocation
  • Central dislocation

Causes :

  • Severe trauma due to fall.
  • Car accident
  • Sports injury

Symptoms :

  • Severe pain in hip joint while moving leg.
  • Leg on the effected side appears shorter than the other leg.
  • Tingling
  • Numbness.
  • Loss of range of motion.
  • Hip joint appears deformed.

GOALS OF PHYSIOTHERAPY :

  • Improves pain through advanced modalities
  • Reduces spasm.
  • Reduces inflammation.
  • Reduces tightness.
  • Increases strength : resisted band exercises
  • Alignment correction through manual therapy.