Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Carpus is a word derived from the Greek word “karpos” means “wrist.” The wrist is surrounded by a band of fibrous tissue that normally functions as a support for the joint. The tight space between this fibrous band and the wrist bone is called the carpal tunnel.The median nerve passes through the carpal tunnel to receive sensations from the thumb, index, and middle fingers of the hand. Any condition that causes swelling or a change in position of the tissue within the carpal tunnel can squeeze and irritate the median nerve. Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition that causes numbness, tingling and other symptoms in the hands and Arm. It’s caused by a compressed nerve in the carpal tunnel, a narrow passageway on the palm side of your wrist
The Pressure on the median nerve causes carpal tunnel syndrome. This pressure can come from swelling or anything that makes the carpal tunnel smaller. Many things can cause including:
- Illnesses such as hypothyroidism, rheumatoid arthritis, and diabetes.
- Making the same hand and wrist movements over and over again specially-The wrist is bent down.
- Numbness and tingling of the hand in the distribution of the median nerve (the thumb, index, middle, and part of the fourth fingers).
- Burning sensation
- Cramping and weakness of the hand.
- Decreased grip strength can lead to frequent dropping of objects from the hand.
- Chronic carpal tunnel syndrome can also lead to wasting (atrophy) of the hand muscles, particularly those near the base of the thumb in the palm of the hand
- Headaches usually feels throbbing, pounding, or pulsating
- Increased urination
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea and vomiting
- Numbness, tingling, or weakness
- Problems concentrating, trouble finding words
- Sensitivity to light or sound
- Feeling mentally dull, like your thinking is not clear or sharp
- Increased need for sleep
- Neck pain
GOALS OF PHYSIOTHERAPY :
- Improves pain through advanced modalities.
- Reduces inflammation.
- Strengthening of intrinsic muscles of hand.
- Relive the median nerve.
- Alignment correction through manual therapy
- Taping technique
- Laser therapy for instant pain relief